The following list has been developed by The Alzheimer’s Association to help families who are unsure what to look for in an elderly parent.

1. Short Term Memory Loss – forgetting new information and asking for the same information over and over is a common symptoms. 

2. Difficulty Performing Familiar Tasks – such as preparing a meal or placing a telephone call.

3. New Problems with Writing or Speaking – forgetting simple words.

4. Confusion with Time and Place – getting lost in a familiar neighbourhood.

5. Poor or Decreased Judgment – such as giving away large sums of money, or dressing in many layers on a warm day.

6. Problems with Abstract Thinking – finding it very challenging to balance a cheque book or forgetting how numbers are used.

7. Misplacing Things and Losing the Ability to Retrace Steps – may put objects in unusual places (watch in the freezer).

8. Changes in Mood or Behavior – rapid mood swings – from calm to tears and anger or aggression in short time frame.

9. Trouble Understanding Visual Images and Spatial Relationships- change in visual processing or judging distance and colour.

10. Withdrawing from Social Activities – may avoid being social because of changes they have experienced.